Colon Cancer, Types, Causes and Symptoms

Colon cancer is characterized by the cell growth getting out of control that initiates with other cells inside a person’s large intestine. The colon is long; in fact, it is the large intestine’s longest part and form part of the digestive system’s lowest part. Before waste exits the body, the salts and water are extracted from solid waste inside the colon, prior to going through the rectum. In most cases, colon cancer starts with a noncancerous, small tumor, which are formed on the large intestines inner walls. These benign tumors called polys could grow into a malignant cancer and invade heathy tissue surrounding the tumor, which result in worse complications.

When a malignant tumor or more tumors have formed, these cancerous cells could spread through other parts by travelling through lymph systems and blood.

Colon Cancer Causes:

  1. Precancerous polyps are usually present in the large intestine from which the colon cancer come and types of Polyps include:
  • Inflammatory Polyps
  • Hyperplastic polyps
  • Adenomas
  1. Habits and diet

Although age is very important risk factor in colon cancer, as you would find more people over fifty contracting this disease than under fifty, it also occurs I people who smoke tobacco, are obese and sedentary lifestyles.

  1. Family Genes

Colon cancer is often something that family members also suffer from and most colon cancer sufferers are genetic syndromes such as hereditary nonpolyposis, attenuated adenomatous polyposis or familial.

  1. DNA Genes

Mutations or damages to the DNA are often the cells to start behaving uncontrollable, which causes genes to have cell division.

Symptoms could include:

  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Iron deficiency
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Continuous urges to defecate
  • Painful bowel movement
  • Gas, cramps and pain in the abdomen
  • Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding
  • Narrow stools
  • Significant and continuous change in consistency of stools.